Consciousness, Physics, and the Holographic Paradigm
Essays and Shadowless Poetry by Alan T. Williams
Part I: Sneaking Up On Einstein
Astrophysics in the first decade of the 21st century
Chapter 6: From Energy To Mass
Section 1: Cosmology, Part 1:
The omnipresent, pervasive, cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is an electromagnetic phenomenon within which the particulate matter of our traditional spacetime continuum (3 + 1) is immersed. The CMBR was unexpectedly discovered in 1965 by radio astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, 1 each of whom received one-quarter of the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics for making the discovery. Pjotr Kapitsa received a full half-share of the 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics."2
Proponents of the Big Bang model of cosmology hypothesize that the CMBR is radiant energy left over from the birth of our material universe in an extremely rapid, high temperature dispersal of a very large amount of nonmaterial radiative energy that was originally confined in very condensed form in an unimaginably small space. According to this scenario, within 0.02 seconds – an estimate derived from thermodynamics, Einstein's 1905 mass-energy equivalence, and quantum mechanics – the creation of matter from condensed, nonmaterial electromagnetic radiation energy was well under way.
Based on the traditional closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material system 3 and offering no hypothesis describing the original physical process or processes by which pre-existing condensed matter – the source of the thermodynamic blackbody radiation – may have been created, the Big Bang model is generally considered to be physically valid and "the likely valid description" of our material universe.
Interestingly, the recent discovery of the universal principle of energy (TUPE) reveals that the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) is the origin (source) within which particulate matter and our reciprocally emergent spacetime continuum is created, contained, and maintained. This new first principle of physics states:
The universal principle of energy (TUPE) implies that each instance of matter/mass is a discrete, conditionally relative phase transition (change of state) within the massless nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) analogous to the liquid, solid, gas, and plasma phase changes that take place in the classical and quantum mechanical domains.
In other words, TUPE points directly to the identity – the irreducible sameness – of discrete conditionally relative states of matter/mass and massless nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE). Thus:
More broadly, the universal principle of energy (TUPE) points beyond classical mechanics, beyond quantum mechanics and the boundary of the material domain to nonmechanical, nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) and the nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
The new cosmogony and expanding universe of quiet creation:
Many experiments performed following the formulation of Hubble's Law in 1929 have determined that the material universe is in fact expanding. Yet questions concerning the initial conditions that produced our material universe and the precise process that caused the cosmic expansion in the past or continues to drive expansion at the present time remain unanswered.
The theoretical cosmological model described by the thermodynamic Big Bang and the hypothetical inflation of the material universe remain open to question; nonetheless, the result is an excellent example of the classical physics, quantum mechanics, and astrophysics investigated by the scientific community during the 20th century.
Even so, the combined 21st century new physics of the universal principle of energy (TUPE) and The Energetic Holographic Paradigm (TEHP, pronounced "teep") model of physical reality just-as-it-is describe novel nonmechanical initial conditions and a new cosmic expansion process.
The first law of 21st century new physics – the universal principle of energy (TUPE) – states that fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy exists in the absence of matter, but matter is entirely dependent upon nonmechanical, nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) and cannot exist in the absence of nonmaterial primordial energy.
TUPE points directly to the fundamental identity – the irreducible sameness – of discrete conditionally relative states of matter/mass and massless nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE). Hence the fundamental nature of matter/mass can be defined as massless nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE). Moreover, the various constituents of the material universe humankind sees, feels, touches, tastes, and smells are created, contained, and maintained as nonmechanical conditionally relative NPE phase changes within the fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
The definition of mass:
In classical physics mass is thought to be a property of the particulate matter that constitutes the pre-existing material universe. The quantum mechanics of high-energy particle physics attributes the creation of subatomic mass to certain energetic resonances that can be tested or produced by deep inelastic scattering experiments using a variety of material particles.
Early accelerator and collider experiments unexpectedly began producing a variety of subnuclear particles in the mid-1950s. Thus the recent discovery of TUPE suggests that the atomic nucleus can be seen as a doorway from the material domain to the nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
Physicist Max Jammer has documented his exhaustive search for the fundamental nature of mass in two authoritative books. In the concluding remarks of the first book, Concepts of Mass in Classical and Modern Physics, published in 1962, he writes:
Although of primary importance in all branches of physics and an indispensable conceptual tool of scientific thought, the notion of mass seems to elude all attempts at a fully comprehensive elucidation and a logically as well as scientifically unobjectionable definition. 4In the Preface of his second book, Concepts of Mass in Contemporary Physics and Philosophy, published in 2000, Professor Jammer writes:
The present monograph does not presume to resolve the problem of mass. Its purpose is rather to show that the notion of mass, although fundamental to physics, is still shrouded in mystery. 5
Most of the mass in the atomic nucleus is contained in the protons and neutrons. Most of the mass in protons and neutrons is contained within material particles called quarks. Quarks are the only material particle that individually and collectively interact with all four fundamental forces.
Frank Wilczek, who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of quark asymptotic freedom, described the interactions of quarks and gluons in his popular 2003 article The Origin of Mass.
Interestingly, TUPE implies that massless gluons with zero electric charge interact not only with quarks, but also with other gluons and the NPE transition zone (TZ) of the NED by means of the nonmaterial color force.
The new physics of TUPE, which in principle predicts the existence of the NED, suggest not only that the scientifically undefined, mysterious source of particulate matter/mass, but also the longstanding mystery of the fundamental nature of particulate matter/mass have been solved. Hence, if TUPE and the omnipresent, pervasive NED are confirmed by experiment, they point directly to the NPE source and the material boundary of the classical and quantum mechanical universe humankind observes.
The discovery of omnipresent, pervasive, nonmechanical nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) and the identity – the irreducible sameness – of NPE and the fundamental nature of particulate matter/mass are the stunningly novel developments of the new 21st century physics.
Continued in Section 2: Astrophysics
Reference Notes (Click on the Note number to return to the text):
Back to Chapter 5, Section 1: The Energetic Primordial Medium
Last Edit: February 28, 2010.
Comments and suggestions welcome.
This paper is a work in progress. Please check for the latest update before quoting in other venues the concepts and hypotheses presented here.
Copyright © 2009-2010 by Alan T. Williams. All rights reserved.