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Consciousness, Physics, and the Holographic Paradigm

Original Essays and Shadowless Poetry by Alan T. Williams

All matter is immersed in it and it penetrates everywhere. No doors are closed to ether.
- Albert Einstein, The Evolution of Physics

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Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6

Chapter 3

Section 3:  Particle Self-Energy and the Transition Zone:
From Old to New Physics, Part 2

The insight acquired by the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus – which Plato rendered as "everything changes and nothing remains still" – is fundamentally correct. Even so, more than two thousand years of history passed before scientific understanding and experimental methods were sufficiently advanced to verify that each conditionally relative macroscopic and microscopic object that manifests in so-called empty space bidirectionally alternates between matter and antimatter from one instant to the next at an astonishingly rapid rate of change.

The matter-antimatter or, more precisely, the material particle-antiparticle oscillations are exemplified by the subnuclear B meson family – and especially by the neutral strange B (Bs) mesons which, in the material domain, are comprised of a pair of elementary particles; namely, a strange quark (s) and a bottom antiquark. The strange Bs mesons continuously transform (transition) into their opposite antiparticle nature of a bottom quark (b) and a strange antiquark pair, then immediately switch back again at the astounding rate of 3 trillion oscillations per second.

Announced in September 2006, the astonishing strange Bs meson rate of change between matter and antimatter is the culmination of a sustained 20-year experimental effort by the CDF collaboration team at the U. S. Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory.

At least one additional result can be inferred from the CDF collaboration results. First, a bit of background.

Within the framework of classical physics, quantum mechanics, and the Standard Model of particle physics, conventional particle nomenclature almost exclusively labels nuclear constituents as subatomic particles on the subatomic scale of physical reality just-as-it-is. Nonetheless, only the atomic nucleus can properly be called subatomic. The nucleons, i.e., the protons and neutrons located inside the boundary of the nucleus, plus the nuclear force that binds the nucleons together and the quarks, gluons, and strong interaction which are the subject of quantum chromodynamics are all distinctively subnuclear.

Hence, the inappropriate overutilization of conventional subatomic nomenclature applied to subnuclear constituent elements has the unintended consequence of limiting or truncating a broader fundamental concept of subnuclear particles on the subnuclear scale of material and nonmaterial physical reality just-as-it-is.

On the subnuclear scale, the CDF collaboration strange Bs meson results imply that matter and antimatter or, more precisely, material particles and antiparticles can be seen as being equally responsible for the tangible material in the holonomic universe humankind sees, hears, touches, tastes, and smells. Thus the CDF collaboration results point directly to the atomic nucleus as the gateway to understanding a much larger, more complex physical reality than presently conceived in response to the advancements produced by 20th century theoretical physics.

On this view, the rapid B meson oscillations clearly imply that neither matter nor antimatter is the omnipresent, pervasive, fundamental ground of nonmaterial/material reality just-as-it-is. Rather unexpectedly, both matter and antimatter can now be seen as the product of discrete, ordered changes of state (phase changes) within the boundless fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED , apeiron).

A material version of the NED which is intentionally deprecated in Aristotle's logical system was conceptually anticipated as the boundless material apeiron (Greek: τό  άπειρον) by Anaximander, the successor of Thales, in the 6th century BCE. 27

Two millennia elapsed between the works of Aristotle and Isaac Newton. Little more than two centuries elapsed between Newton and Einstein. Only a single century elapsed between Einstein and the novel physics of our 21st century milieu.

Cumulative scientific knowledge of the comprehensive perpetual puzzle of nature advances exponentially rather than linearly. Indeed, the exponential increase that dramatically accelerated human acquisition of scientific knowledge during the few hundred years immediately preceding our contemporary milieu continues to accelerate exponentially as the cutting edge of science advances into the limitless unknown beyond the miniscule body of knowledge humankind presently possesses.

Beginning with the macroscopic realm, unparalleled scientific advances altered many longheld concepts in the 20th century. Not surprisingly, fundamental physics continues to advance beyond the limitations of matter, antimatter, and the subnuclear realm in the 21st century. For example, one of the indispensable components of our all-encompassing holonomic, nonmaterial/material physical reality just-as-it-is has yet to be definitively described and fully comprehended. The insufficient indispensable knowledge is the process and role of time in our material universe.

Interestingly, the combined physics of the novel universal principle of energy (TUPE) and The Energetic Holographic Paradigm (TEHP, pronounced "teep") imply that each material and nonmaterial component of physical reality just-as-it-is continually changes in multiple dimensions from one instant to the next on two separate existential levels of time (i.e., t1 + t2 , where t2 = 1 / t1). As a result, each present moment in our holonomic nonmaterial/material universe is at least eight-dimensional (8D = 6 extended dimensions + 2 time dimensions).

Matter and fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial energy:

Discovered in the zeroth year 2000, the universal principle of energy (TUPE) reveals a major new piece of the perpetual puzzle of nonmaterial/material reality just-as-it-is. TUPE states that fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) exists in the absence of matter, but matter is entirely dependent upon nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) and cannot exist in the absence of uncreated, unconditioned nonmaterial primordial energy.

TUPE implies that the solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas of classical material physics and quantum mechanics are created, contained, and maintained within the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED , apeiron) as discrete, ordered nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) changes of state (phase transitions).

If matter/mass is a discrete, ordered NPE phase transition (change of state) analogous to the conditionally relative phase change from liquid water to solid water (frozen precipitation or ice) as implied by TUPE, then the fundamental nature of matter/mass can be defined as a conditionally relative localized phase change of fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) within the NED (apeiron).

Furthermore, this is precisely the direction quantum chromodynamics (QCD) theory and experiment have been driving the science and technology of high energy particle physics for decades.

Nonetheless, the "on-the-mass-shell" portion of the energy bubble created at the point of inelastic collision is traditionally assumed to be a closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) system in high-energy particle physics collider experiments. Thus traditional conservation of energy and Einstein's mass-energy equivalence, E = mc², are applicable only to on-shell energy. 18 Consequently, the enormous off-shell energy in the collision bubble remains poorly understood.

Frank Wilczek, describing the enormous energy of the inelastic collision bubble just one year before he shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of quark asymptotic freedom wrote in his 2003 article, The Origin of Mass:

When a collision between a high-energy electron and a high-energy positron occurs, we often observe that many particles emerge from the event. The total mass of these particles can be thousands of times the mass of the original electron and positron. Thus mass has been created, physically, from energy. 19

Hence it is reasonable to conclude that prior to the discovery of the universal principle of energy (TUPE) and the concomitant fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED , apeiron), the source of the tremendous increase in energy that facilitates the unexpected production of numerous discrete masses within the purportedly contained on-shell energy and the de facto uncontained off-shell energy of inelastic high-energy collision bubbles remained essentially unexplained.

Various experimental results:

In the early 20th century, the inability of classical physics to satisfactorily explain certain experimental results led to the development of quantum mechanics which is also a limited mechanical model or paradigm. Following Niels Bohr's correspondence and complementarity principles, quantum mechanics inherited the enigmatic wave-particle duality concept and the defects of the Bohr Model of the atom from classical mechanics, then quickly added the measurement problem, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, and the seemingly intractable, nonmechanical quantum gravity problem, among others.

It should come as no surprise that wave-particle duality, the Bohr atom defects, the uncertainty principle, and the quantum gravity problem fundamentally point beyond the conventional limitations of quantum mechanics and the Standard Model developed in the 1970s. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, for example, is a statement that reflects the limitations of mechanical measurement rather than identifying a physically real limitation or boundary of nonmaterial/material physical reality just-as-it-is.

Supersymmetry and String theory are two proposed conventional extensions of the 1970s Standard Model. As noted above, the combined new physics implied by the recent discovery of TUPE, TEHP, and the nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED , apeiron) constitute a novel new 8-dimensional (8D) nonmaterial/material holographic paradigm that encompasses multiple existential levels of time.

In addition to unexpected new paradigms, the sustained advancement of new physics sometimes depends upon weaving together various theoretical and experimental bits and pieces from diverse disparate sources.

Working on the advancement of superconductor physics in 1995, for example, Z. Y. Weng, D. N. Sheng, and C. S. Ting predicted the quasiparticle phenomenon of one-dimensional (1D) and 2D spin-charge separation. Experimental confirmation of 1D spin-charge separation was successfully acquired a full decade later.

Condensed matter spin-charge separation anticipates the universal principle of energy (TUPE) implication that matter and electric charge are separate and distinct conjointly coupled phenomena produced by discrete nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) changes of state (phase transitions) within the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED , apeiron).

Unintended experimental results are also important. In an experiment designed to isolate the fractional electric charge exhibited by quarks at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), fractional electric charge was not found. Nonetheless, the negative result held major significance because the comprehensive experiment permitted Martin Perl and Eric Lee to successfully test all known isolatable elementary particles for electric charge. Their report, published in 1997, states:

All known elementary particles that can be isolated as individual particles have an electric charge that is equal in magnitude to the electron's charge, q = 1.6×10-19 C [Coulomb], or is zero. This includes the muon and tau charged leptons, the neutrinos, the photon, the nucleons, and the mesons. 20

A pivotal experimental result:

Interestingly, a pivotal quantum electrodynamics (QED) experimental result that provided new physics occurred as an unexpected collateral finding in an αQED fine structure constant coupling experiment. Using the TRISTAN accelerator in Japan (rebuilt as the KEKB accelerator) in 1996, the TOPAZ Collaboration group experimentally determined that the effective increase of the running αQED coupling constant is the result of a decreased electric charge screening phenomenon now called vacuum polarization. Their 1997 paper, Measurement of the Electromagnetic Coupling at Large Momentum Transfer, states:

All charges are surrounded by clouds of virtual photons, which spend part of their existence dissociated into fermion anti-fermion pairs. The virtual fermions with charges opposite to the bare charge will be, on average, closer to the bare charge than those virtual particles of like sign. Thus, at large distances, we observe a reduced bare charge due to this screening effect. As we probe closer we penetrate into the cloud of virtual particles, decreasing the screening effect and observing more of the bare charge and thus a strengthening of the coupling. 21

The revolutionary 1996 TOPAZ Collaboration discovery of "clouds of virtual photons" surrounding each electric charge (+/- q) not only can be seen as the first experimental evidence of the so-called virtual process that screens the fine structure constant, αQED, the generalized vacuum polarization photon cloud also can be seen as the first experimental evidence of the subatomic source that continuously emits and absorbs photons in our nonmaterial/material physical reality just-as-it-is.

In principle the mass and electric charge components of the electroweak +/-W bosons, as well as the muon (μ), tau (τ), and quark fermion electric charge carriers are also conjointly coupled. Separable matter/mass-electric charge couplings (e0 q+/-) also resolve the conventional physics enigma of treating relativistic invariant electric charge (+/- q) as if it is an intrinsic property of the relativistic mass described in the original 1905 derivation, m = E/, in which mass varies in proportion to relativistic kinetic energy.

Moreover, the clouds of so-called virtual photons that surround each discrete fractional or unit electric charge can be seen as confirmation of the nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) Transition Zone (TZ) and NED (apeiron) implied by the novel combined physics of TUPE and TEHP that lie beyond the limits of the Standard Model and the Heisenberg quantum mechanical measurement limit (uncertainty principle).

A CERN report on the running of the effective αQED coupling constant that includes comprehensive references was published 6 January 2000 by the L3 Collaboration (M. Acciarri, et al.), and a highly cited CERN report of Standard Model constraints and the electromagnetic αem coupling constant at LEP2 energies was published 25 August 2003 by the OPAL Collaboration (G. Abbiendi, et al.).

Continued in Chapter 3, Section 4:  The Subnuclear Milieu:  From Old to New Physics, Part 3

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Reference Notes (Click on the Note number to return to the text):

17  Kahn, Charles H.  Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology; Columbia University Press, 1960. Corrected printing 1985, reprinted 1994. ISBN-13: 978-0-87220-255-9 ; ISBN 10: 0-87220-255-0 (paperback)

18  Veltman, Martinus.  Facts and Mysteries in Elementary Particle Physics, pp. 115-139: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore.  ISBN 981-238-149-X (paperback)

19  Wilczek, Frank.  The Origin of Mass, p. 26: MIT Physics Annual 2003, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.

20  http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997AmJPh..65..698P

21  http://www-jlc.kek.jp/~miyamoto/papers/topaz-1997a.ps.gz

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Back to Chapter 3, Section 2:  Beyond Mechanical Paradigms:  From Old to New Physics, Part 1

Index:  Consciousness, Physics, and the Holographic Paradigm

Last Edit:  February 11, 2011.

Comments and suggestions welcome.

This paper is a work in progress.
Please check for the latest update before quoting in other venues the concepts and hypotheses presented here.
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Copyright © 2004-2011 by Alan T. Williams. All rights reserved.