Consciousness, Physics, and the Holographic Paradigm
Original Essays and Shadowless Poetry by Alan T. Williams
All matter is immersed in it and it penetrates everywhere. No doors are closed to ether.
Section 2: Beyond Mechanical Paradigms:
Thus the universal principle of energy (TUPE) implies that:
More precisely, the universal principle of energy (TUPE) points beyond classical physics, beyond conventional quantum mechanics and the material domain to the omnipresent, pervasive nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) that constitutes the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
The discrete, conditionally relative NPE states (phase changes) that comprise the nonmaterial/material holonomic universe, including the unique conjoined, yet physically separate and distinct localized states that humankind sees as electric charge and matter/mass, are produced within the NED.
The relativistic propagation of massless electromagnetic radiation (photons) is also somewhat more complex than the mechanical generation of nonmaterial electromagnetic fields by changes in the positive (+) or negative (-) accelerations (changes in velocity) of various electrically charged particles, or the relativistic propagation of massless nonmaterial EMR from point A to point B through so-called empty space (i.e., the NED).
Furthermore, in the combined new physics of TUPE and the The Energetic Holographic Paradigm (TEHP, pronounced "teep") model of physical reality just-as-it-is, so-called empty space is a nonmaterial optical illusion (visual misrepresentation) created by the discontinuous pattern, the irregular presence or absence of visible macroscopic particulate matter/mass within the omnipresent, pervasive, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
In other words, "empty space" has no separate physical reality. Nonetheless, the absence of visible macroscopic matter/mass and the presence of unseen microscopic NPE matter/mass is sometimes exemplified by ad hoc concepts like the luminiferous ether Maxwell included and SRT excluded, or vacuum energy, quantum foam, or the Dirac sea, for example.
Contrary to philosophers and physicists from Aristotle to Einstein, so-called unseen, intangible "empty" space that contains no visible macroscopic matter/mass can be seen as simply the conspicuous panoptic obverse of the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
For nearly one hundred years the fundamental tone of electromagnetic theory and practice was set by the third paragraph of the Einstein-Marić 1905 photoelectric effect paper which states:
According to the assumption to be contemplated here, when a light ray is spreading from a point, the energy is not distributed continuously over ever-increasing spaces, but consists of a finite number of energy quanta that are localized in points in space, move without dividing, and can be absorbed or generated only as a whole.14
First, a bit of history.
According to the traditional water wave analogy of Huygens, Young, and Maxwell, et al., there are certain similarities between the propagation of visible light produced by a point source and classical water waves created on the calm surface of a pond or pool of water when a pebble or stone is lobbed into it. Hence the transverse (lateral, orthogonal) electric and magnetic fields of each massless monochromatic photon can be seen as somewhat analogous to the mechanical rising and falling waves on the surface of the water that move transversely (radially) away from the point at which the object entered the water.
Thomas Young (1773-1829), a polymath and medical doctor, was appointed in 1801 as the first professor of natural philosophy (physics) at the recently organized Royal Institution of Great Britain in London, England. Young dramatically improved the water wave analogy of Christiaan Huygens by simultaneously dropping two pebbles of equal size into a calm pond of water to demonstrate the phenomenon of wave interference. Augustin-Jean Fresnel (pronounced fray-Nell) further improved Huygens' principle in 1818.
Young demonstrated wave interference in his public lectures by using a novel two-slit teaching device. He described the demonstration in the published version of lecture Thirty-nine, On the Nature of Light and Colours:
Supposing the light of any given colour to consist of undulations, of a given breadth, or of a given frequency, it follows that these undulations must be liable to those effects which we have already examined in the case of the waves of water, and the pulses of sound. It has been shown that two equal series of waves, proceeding from centres near each other, may be seen to destroy each other's effects at certain points, and at other points to redouble them; and the beating of two sounds has been explained from a similar interference. We are now to apply the same principles to the alternate union and extinction of colours. (Plate XX. Fig. 267 [see woodcut diagram below])
In order that the effects of two portions of light may be thus combined, it is necessary that they be derived from the same origin, and that they arrive at the same point by different paths, in directions not much deviating from each other. This deviation may be produced in one or both of the portions by diffraction, by reflection, by refraction, or by any of these effects combined; but the simplest case appears to be, when a beam of homogeneous light falls on a screen in which there are two very small holes or slits, which may be considered as centres of divergence, from whence the light is diffracted in every direction. In this case, when the two newly formed beams are received on a surface placed so as to intercept them, their light is divided by dark stripes into portions nearly equal, but becoming wider as the surface is more remote from the apertures, so as to subtend very nearly equal angles from the aperatures at all distances, and wider also in the same proportion as the aperatures are closer to each other. The middle of the two portions is always light, and the bright stripes on each side are at such distances, that the light, coming to them from one of the aperatures, must have passed through a longer space than that which comes from the other, by an interval which is equal to the breadth of one, two, three, or more of the supposed undulations, while the intervening dark spaces correspond to the difference of half a supposed undulation, of one and a half, of two and a half, or more. 15
(Note: A minor typo in the original text was corrected in Paragraph 1 above.)
Plate XX. Fig. 267, a woodcut diagram:
The analogy between water wave mechanics, massless electromagnetic radiation, and photon propagation breaks down at this point by focusing attention on the transverse waves rather than the discrete object or photon that creates the transverse waves. Clearly, compared to the motion of the primary object, the rising and falling transverse waves created in a water or nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) medium are a secondary effect.
In other words, by entering the water it is the pebble or stone that creates the transverse waves on the plane surface of the water medium. And, by sinking vertically straight to the bottom, the material object is analogous to the discrete energetic electromagnetic photon that generates the orthogonal electric and magnetic transverse waves of monochromatic electromagnetic radiation within the NPE medium as it travels at the constant speed of light from emission point A to absorption point B regardless of time or distance.
Contemporary double-slit experiments use a variety of methods and objects of interest such as photons and electrons. In contemporary quantum mechanics, for example, the results of double-slit experiments like those of Akira Tonomura, et al., Hitachi Ltd, Japan, are currently understood as demonstrations of wave-particle duality.
Especially notice that the combined new physics of TUPE and TEHP imply that the medium between the source and the recording device of a quantum double-slit experiment is comprised not only of the ambient atmospheric molecules, atoms, and electrons, the medium is also fundamentally, irreducibly comprised of the omnipresent, pervasive nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) that constitutes the indispensable NED which is commonly misidentified as empty space.
The first law of the universal principle of primordial energy (TUPE) states that fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) exists in the absence of matter, but matter is entirely dependent upon NPE and cannot exist in the absence of NPE. The first law of nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE), therefore, implies the identical nature of NPE and material matter/mass within the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) of physical reality just-as-it-is.
It follows that material matter/mass is fundamentally a discrete, organized aggregation (change of state, phase transition) of NPE generated within the fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED). Physical reality just-as-it-is necessarily is, therefore, a complex open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial/material system as opposed to a closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material system.
Classical physics is fundamentally the history of classical mechanics. Classical mechanics, in turn, was extended into the microscopic realm by quantum mechanics. Nonetheless, while classical physics and contemporary quantum mechanics are valid in closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material systems, classical and quantum mechanics are separately and collectively insufficient for describing the new physics of the complex open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) implied by TUPE.
Briefly summarizing the history of contemporary physics, Isaac Newton's physics and Christiaan Huygens' light waves in the late 17th century are mechanical. James Clerk Maxwell's mid-19th century physics and electromagnetic waves are mechanical. The unexpected, unrecognized harbinger of nonmechanical, nonmaterial quantum physics was Max Planck's intuitive discovery of the thermodynamic blackbody radiation energy quantum of action which he presented to his colleagues on 14 December 1900, the zeroth year of the 20th century.
The Einstein-Marić team submitted four technical papers and Albert's Ph.D dissertation to Annalen der Physik for publication in 1905:
The first four were published in Annalen der Physik, Volume 17. The fifth paper was published in Volume 18.
Louis de Broglie (pronounced "de Broy"), after serving in the French army during World War I, postulated the wave nature of electrons in his 1924 doctoral thesis. Erwin Schrödinger published a series of four papers in 1926 in which the third paper proved that his particle wave mechanics were precisely equivalent to Werner Heisenberg's 1925 matrix mechanics. In his fourth paper Schrödinger developed a particulate matter wave mechanics equation that changes with time based on the conservation of nonrelativistic mechanical energy. The results of the relativistic Schrödinger equation developed later are also limited to the material domain.
In 1927 Heisenberg developed the uncertainty principle that describes the inherent inability of quantum mechanics to simultaneously measure the precise position and momentum of a material particle. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle was later extended to include the inability of quantum mechanics to simultaneously measure kinetic energy and time with precision.
Interestingly, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle delimits only the material domain described by classical physics and quantum mechanics.
The development of contemporary quantum physics continues to be a work in progress, thus there are many interpretations of quantum mechanics. Moreover, despite the constraints of the mechanical paradigm and the matter argument, the advancement in quantum theory and practice since the 1920s has trended in the general direction of the NED, especially in the areas of quantum chromodynamics, vacuum energy, dark energy, vacuum polarization, virtual particles, and self-energy.
Reference Notes (Click on the Note number to return to the text):
12 Einstein, Albert. On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light. Anna Beck, translator. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein; Vol. 2, Doc. 14, p. 86. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1989. ISBN 0-691-08549-8
13 Einstein, Albert. On the Development of Our Views Concerning the Nature and Constitution of Radiation. Ref. 12, Doc. 60, p. 380.
(Cf. "Über die Entwickelung unserer Anschauungen über das Wesen und die Konstitution der Strahlung", Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft, Verhandlungen 7 (1909).)
The quoted text in the original German:
Je mehr sich die elektromagnetische Theorie entwickelte, desto mehr trat die Frage, ob sich die elektromagnetischen Vorgänge auf mechanische zurückführen lassen, in den Hintergrund; man gewöhnte sich daran, die Begriffe elektrische und magnetische Feldstärke, elektrische Raumdichte usw. als elementare Begriffe zu behandeln, die einer mechanischen Interpretation nicht bedürfen.
14 Ref. 12, p. 87.
15 Young, Thomas. Thomas Young's Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts, 1807. Reprinted in vol. 1, pp. 464-465: Thoemmes Press, Bristol, England, 2002. 4 Volumes: ISBN 1 85506 945 8
16 Ref. 15, vol. 2, p. 777, Figure 267.
Back to Chapter 3, Section 1: Einstein, Maxwell, and Energy
Last Edit: July 26, 2010.
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Copyright © 2004-2010 by Alan T. Williams. All rights reserved.