Consciousness, Physics, and the Holographic Paradigm
Essays and Shadowless Poetry by Alan T. Williams
A New Physics for the 21st Century
The search for the fundamental constituents of matter continues,
Chapter 1: Energy Interactions and Material Mass
Section 1: The Subquantum Energy Bridge
For uncounted millennia humankind have postulated an omnipresent, nonmaterial transcendent realm located beyond, yet in communication with the undeniable material realm experienced by human sensory perception. Various groups and individuals have formulated theories or hypotheses concerning the nature of the unknown transcendent realm; nonetheless, a physically real process or means of linking the material realm and the omnipresent, pervasive nonmaterial realm remained elusive.
Interestingly, as humankind enters the 21st century CE the unexpected discovery of the universal principle of energy points directly to the ever-present, irreducible, subquantum (prequantum) 1 primordial energy that underlies the conditionally relative material and nonmaterial realms of physical reality just-as-it-is.
The traditional potential and kinetic mechanical energy properties of particulate matter were extensively investigated in the 19th and 20th centuries using appropriate state-of-the-art methods in each era. Indeed, according to Einstein's popular equation E = mc² the rest energy and the so-called relativistic mass of particulate matter in a closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material system (3+1) are seen as conserved, equivalent, and interconvertible.
Particulate matter that possesses physical mass, occupies space, and can be weighed is traditionally defined as being material in nature. In contrast, the massless electromagnetic radiative energy of heat, light, and magnetism that occupies space yet cannot be weighed has traditionally been defined as immaterial or nonmaterial in nature.
Even so, despite intensive investigation and many experimental discoveries relating to mass and energy either separately or collectively, the definitive nature of material mass and massless nonmaterial energy remained unsolved mysteries in the 19th and 20th centuries.
After two decades of research and study the challenge offered by the undetermined nature of mass in material objects with electric charge like the electron, and the massless fundamental nature of nonmaterial objects with no electric charge like the photon, led this author to the discovery of the universal principle of energy in the year 2001.
The novel first law of the universal principle of energy – and 21st century new physics – succinctly states:
The novel universal principle of energy (TUPE) clearly implies the conditionally relative phase transition (change of state) and fundamental identity – the irreducible sameness – of massless nonmaterial primordial energy and matter/mass analogous to the conditionally relative phase transition (change of state) and fundamental identity – the irreducible sameness – of water and ice in the material domain, thereby eliminating any ostensible boundary between material mass and massless fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE).
Therefore, particulate matter/mass can be defined as a conditionally relative anisotropic property of the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
Shifting the focus of new 21st century physics beyond the material domain to the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) as the definitive source of matter/mass necessitates a major paradigm shift in the theory, experiment, and application of the various physical sciences. One consequence is that the new physics of the paradigm shift will necessarily subsume traditional classical and quantum physics.
A related consequence of the new paradigm has innumerable far-reaching implications for the future of humankind in that quantum theory and quantum physics will undoubtedly be extended beyond the material bound, thereby making a major contribution to the explication and understanding of the NED.
Thus the universal principle of energy (TUPE) opens the irreducible primordial energy domain (NED) to experimental investigation and a broad new spectrum of massless nonmaterial primordial energy physics.
The universal principle of energy (TUPE):
Viewing physical science through the lens of the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain, thereby extending the view of physical reality just-as-it-is, the new physics implied by the universal principle of energy (TUPE) penetrate beyond the limited scope of the traditional material lens.
Viewed through the lens of new physics, TUPE implies that:
More precisely, the universal principle of energy (TUPE) points beyond classical physics, beyond classical quantum physics and the material domain to nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) and the nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) that produces discrete, conditionally relative nonmaterial energy states including the unique, physically separate coupled states of electric charge and material matter/mass, respectively.
Indeed, the new nonmaterial primordial energy quanta of energy-mass and mass-energy interactions yet to be discovered between particulate matter/mass, its constutients, and the NED acquire a much greater significance than Max Planck, Albert Einstein, or Niels Bohr could have imagined a mere one hundred years ago.
TUPE and electric charge:
The universal principle of energy (TUPE) provides a significantly deeper understanding of physical reality just-as-it-is by providing a novel insight into J. J. Thomson's 1897 discovery of the electron, the carrier of negative electric charge (q-). Thomson's discovery was seen at the turn of the 19th to the 20th century as confirmation that nonmaterial electric charge is a property of particulate matter.
But there is a significant problem with that assumption. Elementary nonmaterial electric charge is a relativistic invariant constant and remains an unchanged, fixed value. Exhaustive experiments have determined that every presently known relativistic subatomic and subnuclear constituent of the fundamental atom which possesses physical mass has a relativistic invariant positive (q+), negative (q-), or zero electric charge (q0).
Nonetheless, according to the mass-energy equivalence of the special theory of relativity, the relativistic mass of Einstein's original 1905 equation m = E/c² varies in proportion to relativistic kinetic energy. Therefore, because Einstein's mass-energy equivalence is derived by using the speed of light squared as the conversion factor, conventional classical and quantum physics view a particle in motion that possesses mass as being mechanically limited to some small value less than the speed of light in a closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material system.
If discrete invariant, elementary nonmaterial electric charge is an intrinsic property of relativistic matter/mass, and if monopolar electric charge remains unvaryingly constant while the mass-energy equivalence relationship varies in proportion to kinetic energy, then invariant nonmaterial electric charge may be seen as a longstanding scientific enigma.
One revolutionary result provided by the universal principle of energy (TUPE) is that in principle monopolar relativistic invariant electric charge can now be seen as a separate discrete, physically real quantum of nonmaterial primordial energy (NPE) which is created either separately or concurrently (conjointly, simultaneously) with and coupled to the NPE phase changes contemporary particle physics identifies as quark and lepton matter/mass.
Lepton pair production in the nonmaterial transition zone (TZ) that links the material domain and the NED produces the electron-monopolar electric charge pair (e0 q-) and the anti-electron positron-monopolar electric charge pair (e0 q+), for example. The mass and electric charge of the muon (μ), tau (τ), and quark charge carriers are similarly coupled. Thus, with the present exception of the neutrinos, each fermion and anti-fermion particle is a coupled matter/mass-electric charge pair.
Indeed, putting aside the contemporary mystery surrounding the precise nature of the quark matter-fractional monopolar electric charge couplings, the fundamental point-like monopole (quantum) of electric charge seems to serve as the sine qua non, the indispensable link between the material domain of matter/mass that humankind sees, feels, touches, tastes, and smells, and the omnipresent, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
The spin and magnetic moment properties of matter are also relativistic invariant. Thus, spin and magnetic moment invariance provide the conditionally relative particulate matter/mass of our complex open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial/material holonomic (6+2) universe with a certain amount of gyroscopic stability (inertia) in omnipresent, pervasive, nonmechanical "empty space" which TUPE has now shown to be the panoptic conspicuous obverse of the NED.
The minimum quantum of mechanical measurement in a closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) system in the material domain (3+1) is neither the Planck constant (h) of massless blackbody radiation nor the Dirac constant (reduced Planck constant, ħ = h/π, pronounced "h-bar") of quantum electrodynamics (QED) and quantum chromodynamics (QCD).
The minimum product of the mechanical measurement between position (x) and momentum (p) or the mechanical (relativistic) energy (E) and time (t) is based on the twice reduced Planck constant derived by Max Planck himself in 1899; namely:
ħ/2 = 0.53-34 Js 2
In other words, if the product of the position and momentum or the product of the relativistic energy and time measurement is GREATER than ħ/2, then the product of the measurement is a valid quantum mechanical result.
If the product of the position and momentum or the product of the relativistic energy and time measurement is LESS than ħ/2, then the result as well as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle point directly to the new physics of the fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
Hence the descriptive word "energon" – a combination of the truncated word 'energy' plus the suffix '-on' (pronounced with a hard 'g' as in argon or octagon) – is hereby proposed for the uncertainty principle quantum of mechanical measurement with the invariant value ħ/2. Symbolically, the energon stands at the classical and quantum mechanical gateway to the NED.
Inside the omnipresent primordial energy domain:
An unexpected consequence of discovering the source of matter/mass and the implied transition zone between the tangible material domain and the intangible nonmaterial primordial energy domain revealed by TUPE is the concomitant discovery that the phenomenon called "space" has no actual independent, physically real existence.
It turns out that so-called space – which seems to encompass the material universe while pervading the internal distances between the discrete, localized constituents of particulate matter – is simply the conspicuous obverse of the all-encompassing fundamental, irreducible, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED).
Therefore the omnipresent, pervasive NED is not only the source (origin) and transport medium (carrier) of matter/mass, the NED is also the transport medium of each and every field generated by the massless, conditionally relative photons of the electromagnetic spectrum as well as each and every net positive (q+) or negative (q-) electric charge that manifests in our complex open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial/material system.
Beyond the material bound:
First principles in science are intuitively derived in large part by the subconscious piecing together of many essentially fragmented bits of information accumulated in the scientific knowledge base over long periods of time rather than the application of analytical or logical deduction. Moreover, the hallmark of first principles – their fundamental simplicity – seems to become apparent only after their discovery. Examples of first principles in physics are Newton's laws of motion, the laws of thermodynamics, and the universal principle of energy.
As science enters the 21st century it is clear that Quantum Electrodynamics (QED), Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), and high-energy particle accelerator/collider experiments have separated the material phenomena in the foreground of the perennial puzzle of Nature from the fundamental, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) that provides the omnipresent, pervasive foundation – the irreducible background – of the complex puzzle of physical reality just-as-it-is.
Furthermore, 20th century accelerator/collider experiments seem to confirm that matter/mass is a conditionally relative state (physical phase) of irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy. Indeed, the proliferation of subnuclear particles produced by high-energy collider experiments, the so-called particle zoo, seems to confirm the necessity of a broad new scope of fundamental physics that includes the nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) and the interactions between the material domain and the NED.
Theoretical physicist Frank Wilczek, for example, who shared the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for his part in the discovery of quark/gluon asymptotic freedom, offered a new concept for advancing physics beyond the limits of QCD and the Standard Model during his July lecture at the Lepton-Photon 2005 meeting in Uppsala, Sweden. 3 Nonetheless, following Einstein, Bohr, Schrödinger, and Feynman, et al., Wilczek views the advance of physics through the traditional matter/mass lens which is presently limited by the conventional quantum mechanics boundary of the material domain.
The much broader scope of physics revealed by the universal principle of energy (TUPE) implies that the material domain and the massless all-encompassesing, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) that transcends, produces, contains, and maintains matter/mass are linked by primordial energy interfaces and processes. In addition, it seems entirely possible that the unexpected subnuclear energy activity of the particle zoo and the so-called color confinement exhibited by quarks, gluons, and the gluon field are important primary examples of nonmaterial/material domain linkage.
Energy interfaces that link the material and nonmaterial domains can be seen as interactive subquantum (prequantum) energy bridges for extremely high-frequency nonmaterial energy and information transfers from the omnipresent nonmaterial energy domain to our compound open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial/material system at a level and on a scale that greatly exceeds the very high frequencies and energies of massless electromagnetic gamma ray radiation. In principle extremely high-frequency subquantum (prequantum) energy and information transfers in the opposite direction also take place.
The end of matter as an irreducible substance:
If matter/mass is a discrete, localized conditionally relative state (physical phase) of massless irreducible nonmaterial energy that is created, contained, and maintained within the omnipresent, pervasive, nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) in accordance with TUPE, then matter/mass and massless nonmaterial primordial energy have the same (identical) fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial nature.
On this view the traditional concept of wave-particle duality is understood as simply a conditionally relative phase transition (change of state) within the massless nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) analogous to the well known solid, liquid, gas, and plasma phase changes that take place in the material domain.
Large amounts of contemporary atomic and nuclear theory will be subsumed when extended into the massless nonmaterial primordial energy domain (NED) as the new 21st century physics of the energetic atom replace the traditional 20th century physics of matter/mass and the material atom.
Furthermore, because so-called empty space is simply the conspicuous obverse of the fundamental, irreducible NED – on the foreground, material side as opposed to the background, nonmaterial primordial energy side of the omnipresent nonmaterial/material transition zone – the all-encompassing , pervasive NED is not only the underlying nonmaterial transport medium (carrier) of matter/mass, but also the carrier of the Maxwell-Hertz-Lorentz-Einstein electric and magnetic fields.
In principle, and in contrast to potential and kinetic mechanical energy that is conserved only in closed or isolated (mechanically conservative) material systems, nonmaterial primordial energy is not conserved within our compound open (mechanically nonconservative) nonmaterial/material system that is embedded in and pervaded by the omnipresent fundamental, irreducible NED.
A few insights:
Note: In these essays as well as The Energetic Holographic Paradigm (TEHP) model of physical reality just-as-it-is the usage of the words "energy" and "energetic" includes the new 21st century physics meaning of the words; namely, being of or relating to massless fundamental, irreducible nonmaterial primordial energy.
Continued in Chapter 1, Section 2: A Novel Concept
Reference Notes (Click on the Note number to return to the text):
1 Subquantum, prequantum: existing prior to the virtual or apparent quantization of nonmaterial primordial energy per se.
Last Edit: July 26, 2010.
Comments and suggestions welcome.
This paper is a work in progress.
Copyright © 2002-2010 by Alan T. Williams. All rights reserved.